What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming can be defined as an agricultural process that uses biological fertilizers and pest control acquired from animal or plant waste. Organic farming was actually initiated as an answer to the environmental sufferings caused by the use of chemical pesticides and synthetic fertilizers. In other words, organic farming is a new system of farming or agriculture that repairs, maintains, and improves the ecological balance

Adaptation Of Organic Farming In India:

For various reasons, the organic Farming (natural farming)method is in use by Indian farmers.

The first category farmers traditionally practice organic farming way due to the lack of proper input resources. These farmers follow organic farming under compulsion as they are located in no-input or low input use zones.

The second category of farmers includes:

Certified and uncertified farmers started using organic farming after understanding various conventional farming effects on soil fertility loss.
Food toxicity.
Increased input costs.
Decreasing market value.

The third category of organic farmers includes majorly certified farmers and enterprises which have emphasized on systematic adoption of organic cultivation in India to capture the emerging market opportunities and prices. The real data available on organic agriculture today depends on the third category of commercial farmers and enterprises attracting the most attention.

What are the significant components of Organic Farming?

Organic manures

Organic Manures such as compost, straw, FUM, or other crop residues, biofertilizers, green manures, and cover crops can substitute for inorganic fertilizers to maintain the environmental quality.
Organic farmers may also use the fertilizers like basic slag and rock phosphate.

Weed Control Measures

Mechanical weed control in row crops—no use of herbicides. Cultural, biological, and physical methods have resorted.
Botanical herbicides, mycoherbicides, and bio-agents are applied to control weeds.

Biological Pest Management

Non-chemical, biological pest management is encouraged.
Natural enemies of pests are grown.
Microbial pesticides like Bacillus thuringiensis are also applied.

Nutrient Management

The primary task in organic farming is to protect soil fertility and health. Using organic manures, crop rotation, crop residues, green manures, intercropping with legumes, biofertilizers have resorted.

Limiting nutrient losses

By recycling wastes.
Handling of organic wastes
Applying the organic matter at the right time in the proper method and quantity.
Reducing runoff by following conservation practices.
Conservation of organic matter by not burning crop residues.
In the wetland, decreasing denitrification losses of nutrients.
Cropping pattern.
Minimizing the exports of nutrients from the farm.

Contact Ridhi Organic for Organic Farming Services.

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